What is it?

This report analyses the transition of young people to formality and emphasizes the need for a life course, or trajectory, approach to examining formality in the labour market. The report has described the age-related formality profile and its characteristics, causes, consequences and policy implications.

HIGHLIGHTS

A large amount of literature exists on informality and its nature, causes and consequences. Less attention has been paid to the processes surrounding the transition to formality, although such research has proven particularly useful in policy creation.

In this report, these elements are discussed specifically with young people in mind. In particular, we have tried to respond to certain policy questions, including, why are informality rates higher among young people? Do we need specific policies to address the transition of young people to formality? We address these questions using recent data produced by ILO.

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Author

International Labour Organization (ILO)

Juan Chacaltana, Florence Bonnet, Vicky Leung

Year of publication

2019

Type

Report

Region

Global

Countries

Angola

Benin

Botswana

Burkina Faso

Burundi

Cabo Verde

Cameroon

Central African Republic

Chad

Comoros

Côte D'Ivoire

Democratic Republic Of The Congo

Djibouti

Equatorial Guinea

Eritrea

Ethiopia

Gabon

Gambia (Republic Of The)

Ghana

Guinea

Guinea-Bissau

Kenya

Lesotho

Liberia

Madagascar

Malawi

Mali

Mauritania

Mauritius

Mozambique

Namibia

Niger

Nigeria

Republic Of The Congo

Rwanda

Sao Tome And Principe

Senegal

Seychelles

Sierra Leone

Somalia

South Africa

South Sudan

Swaziland

Togo

Uganda

United Republic Of Tanzania

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Algeria

Bahrain

Egypt

Iraq

Jordan

Kuwait

Lebanon

Libya

Morocco

Oman

Qatar

Saudi Arabia

State Of Palestine

Sudan

Syrian Arab Republic

Tunisia

United Arab Emirates

Yemen

Antigua And Barbuda

Argentina

Bahamas

Barbados

Belize

Bolivia (Plurinational State Of)

Brazil

Chile

Colombia

Costa Rica

Cuba

Dominica

Dominican Republic

Ecuador

El Salvador

Grenada

Guatemala

Guyana

Haiti

Honduras

Jamaica

Mexico

Nicaragua

Panama

Paraguay

Peru

Saint Kitts And Nevis

Saint Lucia

Saint Vincent And The Grenadines

Suriname

Trinidad And Tobago

Uruguay

Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic Of

Canada

United States Of America

Afghanistan

Australia

Bangladesh

Bhutan

Brunei Darussalam

Cambodia

China

Democratic People's Republic Of Korea

Fiji

India

Indonesia

Iran (Islamic Republic Of)

Japan

Kiribati

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Malaysia

Maldives

Marshall Islands

Micronesia (Federated States Of)

Mongolia

Myanmar

Nauru

Nepal

New Zealand

Pakistan

Palau

Papua New Guinea

Philippines

Republic Of Korea

Samoa

Singapore

Solomon Islands

Sri Lanka

Thailand

Timor-Leste

Tonga

Tuvalu

Vanuatu

Vietnam

Albania

Andorra

Armenia

Austria

Azerbaijan

Belarus

Belgium

Bosnia And Herzegovina

Bulgaria

Croatia

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Georgia

Germany

Greece

Holy See

Hungary

Iceland

Ireland

Israel

Italy

Kazakhstan

Kyrgyzstan

Latvia

Liechtenstein

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Malta

Monaco

Montenegro

Netherlands

Norway

Poland

Portugal

Republic Of Moldova

Romania

Russian Federation

San Marino

Serbia

Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Tajikistan

The Former Yugoslav Republic Of Macedonia

Turkey

Turkmenistan

Ukraine

United Kingdom Of Great Britain And Northern Ireland

Uzbekistan